WikiQueer:Template messages/Sources of articles

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Is the article actually worthy of inclusion?[edit]

Before placing templates on a page it is worthwhile to consider whether it should in fact be included in WikiQueer according to WikiQueer:What WikiQueer is not. Some articles can be tagged for speedy deletion or marked as an article for deletion.

Dates[edit]

It is useful to add the date of the request (or sometimes, a bot will assist by doing it automatically) by appending |date=month year to the template code, like this: {{Unreferenced|date=August 2014}} to produce this:

Requesting sources[edit]

Message boxes[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{BLP IMDb refimprove}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP sources}}
category links talk edit
{{BLP sources section}}
links talk edit
{{BLP unsourced}}
category links talk edit
{{citation style}}
category links talk edit
{{citations broken}}
category links talk edit
{{citations missing}}
category links talk edit
{{cite check}}
category links talk edit
  • For quotes used out of context, references to unrelated material, and other misuse of citations.
{{cleanup-link rot}}
category links talk edit
{{format footnotes}}
category links talk edit
{{ibid}}
category links talk edit
{{more footnotes}}
category links talk edit
{{no footnotes}}
category links talk edit
{{one source}}
category links talk edit
{{original research}}
category links talk edit
{{page numbers improve}}
category links talk edit
{{page numbers needed}}
category links talk edit
{{primary sources}}
category links talk edit
{{refimprove}}
category links talk edit
{{ref improve section}}
category links talk edit
{{religious text primary}}
category links talk edit
{{self-published}}
category links talk edit
{{symbolism}}
links talk edit
{{third-party}}
category links talk edit
{{unreferenced}}
category links talk edit
{{unreferenced section}}
category links talk edit
{{unreliable sources}}
category links talk edit

Inline with article text[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{attribution needed}}
links talk edit
[attribution needed]
{{better source}}
links talk edit
[better source needed]
{{by whom}}
links talk edit
[by whom?]
{{chronology citation needed}}
links talk edit
[chronology citation needed]
{{citation broken}}
links talk edit
[broken citation]
{{citation needed}}
links talk edit
[citation needed]
{{citation needed (lead)}}
links talk edit
[not verified in body]
{{cite quote}}
links talk edit
[this quote needs a citation]
{{clarify}}
links talk edit
[clarification needed]
{{copyvio link}}
links talk edit
[copyright violation?]
{{dead link}}
links talk edit
[dead link]
{{disambiguation needed}}
links talk edit
[disambiguation needed]
{{dubious}}
links talk edit
[dubious ]
{{elucidate}}
links talk edit
[further explanation needed]
{{examples}}
links talk edit
[examples needed]
{{failed verification}}
links talk edit
[not in citation given]
{{full}}
links talk edit
[full citation needed]
{{medical citation needed}}
links talk edit
[medical citation needed]
{{nonspecific}}
links talk edit
[not specific enough to verify]
{{or}}
links talk edit
[original research?]
{{page needed}}
links talk edit
[page needed]
{{quantify}}
links talk edit
[quantify]
{{registration required}}
links talk edit
(registration required)
{{request quotation}}
links talk edit
[need quotation to verify]
{{season needed}}
links talk edit
[season & episode needed]
{{self-published inline}}
category links talk edit
[self-published source?]
{{specify}}
category links talk edit
[specify]
{{subscription required}}
links talk edit
(subscription required)
{{syn}}
links talk edit
[improper synthesis?]
{{third-party-inline}}
links talk edit
[third-party source needed]
{{unreliable medical source}}
links talk edit
[unreliable medical source?]
{{update after}}
links talk edit
Expression error: Unrecognized word "parameter".
{{vague}}
links talk edit
[vague]
{{verify credibility}}
links talk edit
[unreliable source?]
{{verify source}}
links talk edit
[verification needed]
{{volume needed}}
links talk edit
[volume & issue needed]
{{when}}
links talk edit
[when?]
{{where}}
links talk edit
[where?]
{{which?}}
links talk edit
[which?]
{{who}}
links talk edit
[who?]
{{whom?}}
links talk edit
[according to whom?]
{{why?}}
links talk edit
[why?]
{{year needed}}
links talk edit
[year needed]

Links for search[edit]

Tag Text that will be shown (and usage notes)
{{find sources}}
links talk edit
Find sources: "example"news · books · scholar · free images
{{find sources 3}}
links talk edit
Find sources: GBooks · A9 · MSBooks · GScholar · MSAcademic · GNews recent · GNews old · NYT recent · NYT old
{{search}}
links talk edit

(wq gwq g | eb 1911 co gct sw)

Including third-party content[edit]

United States government attribution templates[edit]

These templates can be added to articles (close to the end of the article, in the References or External links section, for example). Before adding the template to an article, check the details of the usage - some templates require parameters such as a URL. Most of these templates add the articles to the category WikiQueer articles incorporating text from public domain works of the United States Government.

Template Display
{{Air Force}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Air Force.
{{AFHRA}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.
{{Bioguide}} Talk
 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
{{CDC}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
{{CIA World Factbook}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
{{USCG}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Coast Guard.
{{DADS}} Talk Paul E. Black, {{{1}}} at the NIST Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures.
{{DANFS}} Talk This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
{{DHS}} Talk
 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Homeland Security.
{{DoE}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Energy.


{{FJC Bio}} Talk
{{FS1037C}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C".
{{FS1037C MS188}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C" (in support of MIL-STD-188).
{{GHR}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States National Library of Medicine document "Genetics Home Reference".
{{Loc}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Library of Congress Country Studies.
{{Marine Corps}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
{{NARA}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Archives and Records Administration.
{{Include-NASA}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
{{NCBI-handbook}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the National Center for Biotechnology Information document "NCBI Handbook".
{{NCBI-scienceprimer}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the NCBI document "Science Primer".
{{NCI-cancer-dict}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the U.S. National Cancer Institute document "Dictionary of Cancer Terms".
{{NHC}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History & Heritage Command.
{{NIMH}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Institute of Mental Health.
{{NIST-PD}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
{{NLM content}} Talk This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.
{{NPS}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.
{{NPS.Gov}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.
{{NTSB}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Transportation Safety Board.
{{NVR}} Talk This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain.
{{OSGguide}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Office of the Solicitor General.
{{Recreation.Gov}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Recreation Reservation Service.
{{StateDept}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).
{{US Army}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army.
{{USACE.Army.Mil}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
{{USDA}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Agriculture.
{{USDHHS-PD}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
{{USGS}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Geological Survey.
{{USGovernment}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Government.
{{USGovernment-Navy}} Talk This article includes text from an official United States Navy website. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the text is in the public domain.
{{USGovernment-courts}} Talk This article includes written opinion of a United States federal court. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the text is in the public domain. "[T]he Court is unanimously of opinion that no reporter has or can have any copyright in the written opinions delivered by this Court.” Wheaton v. Peters, 33 U.S. (8 Pet.) 591, 668 (1834)
{{Usgs-gazetteer}} Talk  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document " " (content from the Geographic Names Information System).

Other[edit]

Some of the reference types below use named fields (such as Title=Electric Power Monthly). In these references, you must use the exact field name (capitalization matters). Fields are separated with pipe (|) characters. The order of the fields does not matter.

Public domain[edit]

What to type What it makes Where it goes
{{1728}}
Talk
 This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public domain. Articles
near bottom
{{1771 Britannica}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from the 1771 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Articles
near bottom
{{1911}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Articles
near bottom
{{Sect1911}}
Talk
This section incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Articles
at the end of a section
{{1913}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from the public domain 1913 Webster's Dictionary. Articles
near bottom
{{A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature}}
Talk
This article incorporates public domain text from : Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London, J. M. Dent & Sons; New York, E. P. Dutton. Articles
near bottom
{{Catholic}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.  Articles
near bottom
{{DCBL}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWace, Henry; Piercy, William C. (eds.). "article name needed". Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century (third ed.). London: John Murray.  Articles
near bottom
{{DNB}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainDictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.  Articles
near bottom
{{Eastons}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897), a publication now in the public domain. Articles
at top
{{Etude}}
Talk
This article is based on a text from the Etude magazine, prior to 1923, that is in the public domain. Articles
near bottom
{{Gray's}}
Talk
This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained within it may be outdated. Articles
near bottom
{{Grocers}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 edition of The Grocer's Encyclopedia.
Articles
near bottom
{{GSE}}
Talk
This article includes content derived from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978. Articles
near bottom
{{JargonFile}}
Talk
This article is based in part on the Jargon File, which is in the public domain. Articles
near bottom
{{JewishEncyclopedia}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain. Articles
near bottom
{{KeyTarot}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the public domain 1910 book Pictorial Key to the Tarot by Arthur Edward Waite. Please feel free to update the text. Articles
near bottom
{{NHC}}
Talk
 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History & Heritage Command. Articles
near bottom
{{Owl}}
Talk
Logo för Nordisk familjeboks uggleupplaga.png This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926, now in the public domain. Articles
near bottom
{{pg}}
Talk
This article incorporates facts obtained from The Political Graveyard. Articles
near bottom
{{RBD}}
Talk
This article includes content derived from the Russian Biographical Dictionary, 1896–1918. Articles
near bottom
{{Schaff-Herzog}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainJackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1914). "article name needed". New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls Co.  Articles
near bottom
{{SeyffertDCA}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Classical Antiquities by Oskar Seyffert, edited by Henry Nettleship and J. E. Sandys (1894). Articles
near bottom
{{SmithDGRA}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities by William Smith (1870). Articles
near bottom
{{SmithDGRBM}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith (1870). Articles
near bottom
{{SmithDGRG}}
Talk
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William (ed.). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.  Articles
near bottom
{{Vectorsite}}
Talk
The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite. Articles
Reference

Wikis[edit]

For interwiki translation and other copying, see WikiQueer:Copying within WikiQueer.

What to type What it makes Where it goes
{{Citizendium}}
Talk
This article incorporates material from the Citizendium article "Template messages/Sources of articles", which is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License but not under the GFDL. Articles
near bottom
{{from Camerapedia}}
Talk

This article was originally based on one in Camerapedia, retrieved at an unknown date under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Articles
bottom
{{from Comixpedia}}
Talk

This page was originally based on an entry from Comixpedia and is used under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Articles
bottom
{{FOLDOC}}
Talk
This article was originally based on material from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, which is licensed under the GFDL. Articles
near bottom
{{OpenHistory}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from OpenHistory. Articles
near bottom
{{Wookieepedia}}
Talk
Talk pages
{{WorldCoinGallery}}
Talk
This template should only be used on image pages.
Articles
Reference

Citations of generic sources[edit]

See also: Handy tools for making references in cite templates: MakeRef and WQ:RefToolbar

Citation templates are used to format citations in a consistent way, as an alternative to formatting the citations by hand. The use of citation templates is neither encouraged nor discouraged. Templates may be used or removed at the discretion of individual editors, subject to agreement with other editors on the article. Because templates can be contentious, editors should not add citation templates, or change an article with a consistent citation format to another, without gaining consensus; see WQ:CITECONSENSUS and WQ:CITEVAR. The various citation templates below may be freely mixed, since they all produce a similar format.

Use in footnotes[edit]

For a citation to appear in a footnote, it needs to be enclosed in "ref" tags. You can add these by typing <ref> at the front of the citation and </ref> at the end. Alternatively you may notice above the edit box there is a row of "markup" formatting buttons which include a <ref></ref> button to the right—if you highlight your whole citation and then click this markup button, it will automatically enclose your citation in ref tags (i.e. <ref>citation</ref>).

Note, if this is a new page or if there are not already references previously cited, it is necessary to create a section usually named "Notes" or "References" near the end of the page; see WQ:FNNR and MOS:APPENDIX for more information on section names:

== Notes ==
<references />

or

== Notes ==
{{Reflist}}

See: WikiQueer:Manual of Style (footnotes) for more details.

Using the same footnote multiple times[edit]

Optionally, one may add the name attribute by using <ref name=name>details of the citation</ref>. Thereafter, the same footnote may be used multiple times by adding <ref name=name/>. Note that named references begin with <ref instead of the usual <ref>. For detailed examples, see WQ:REFNAME.

Using multiple pages from the same source[edit]

When an article cites many different pages from the same source, most WikiQueer editors have chosen to use shortened footnotes (see WQ:CITESHORT). An alternative method is to use the template {{rp}}.

Creating links to citations[edit]

Wikilinks to citation templates can be created using the templates {{harv}}, {{harvnb}}, {{harvtxt}}, {{sfn}}, etc. For example this "Mumford 1999" links to a citation template below. This is of particular interest for inline citations using parenthetical referencing or when using shortened footnotes.[1] (See the examples below or wikilinks to full references)

Using commas rather than periods[edit]

{{Citation}} creates a citation in the same format as most of the {{cite ... }} templates, except that the periods are replaced with commas and there is no final period. A complete list of templates that are mimicked by {{citation}} can be found at {{citation/core}}. The parameters separator= and postscript= (available for most templates) can also be used to affect the punctuation.

Examples[edit]

See also Category: Citation templates

Below are examples of how to use various templates to cite a book, encyclopedia, journal, website, comic strip, video and editorial comics, etc.

  • For full description of a template and the parameters which can be used with it—click the template name (e.g. {{Citation}} or {{cite xxxx}}) in the "template (required)" column of the table below.
  • Required field(s) are indicated in bold
  • Copy and paste the text under "common usage" to use the template.
  • Following each example is the resulting article text.

For a list of tools that can help create some of the templates below, see: WikiQueer:Citation tools.

Citations are commonly embedded in reference templates. For more information, see: WikiQueer:Footnotes.

source template
(required)
common usage Example 1
article text
Example 2
article text
book {{cite book}}
title
{{cite book
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | publisher = 
  | series = 
  | volume = 
  | edition = 
  | date = 
  | location = 
  | pages = 
  | language = 
  | url = 
  | doi = 
  | id = 
  | isbn =
  | mr = 
  | zbl = 
  | jfm = }}
{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of V…
  | publisher = Springer-Verlag
  | series = Lecture Notes …
  | volume = 1358
  | edition = 2nd expanded
  | location = Berlin
  | date = 1999
  | page = 198
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X
  | mr = 1748380
  | zbl = 0945.14001 }}

Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1358 (2nd expanded ed.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 198. ISBN 354063293X. MR 1748380. Zbl 0945.14001. doi:10.1007/b62130. 

{{cite book 
  | last1 = Cordell | first1 = Bruce R.
  | first2 = Jeff | last2 = Grubb
  | first3 =David | last3 = Noonan
  | title = Manual of the Planes
  | location = Berlin
  | publisher = Wizards of the Coast
  | year= 2001
  | pages = 198-203
  | month = September
  | isbn = 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes. Berlin: Wizards of the Coast. pp. 198–203. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 Check |isbn= value (help). 

{{Citation}}
{{Citation
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | author-link = 
  | last2 = 
  | first2 = 
  | author2-link = 
  | title = 
  | place = 
  | publisher = 
  | series = 
  | volume = 
  | origyear =
  | year = 
  | month=
  | edition = 
  | chapter =
  | chapterurl =
  | page =
  | pages =
  | language = 
  | url = 
  | archiveurl =
  | archivedate =
  | doi = 
  | id = 
  | isbn = 
  | mr = 
  | zbl = 
  | jfm = }}
{{Citation
  | first = David | last = Mu…
  | author-link = David Mumfo…
  | title = The Red Book of V…
  | place = Berlin
  | publisher = Springer-Verlag
  | series = Lecture Notes …
  | volume = 1358
  | edition = 2nd expanded
  | year = 1999
  | page = 198
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X
  | mr = 1748380
  | zbl = 0945.14001 }}

Mumford, David (1999), The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1358 (2nd expanded ed.), Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p. 198, ISBN 354063293X, MR 1748380, Zbl 0945.14001, doi:10.1007/b62130 

{{Citation
  | last1 = Cordell | first1 = Bruce R.
  | last2 = Grubb   | first2 = Jeff
  | last3 = Noonan  | first3 = David
  | title = Manual of the Planes
  | place = Berlin
  | publisher = Wizards of the Coast
  |pages = 198-203
  | date = September 2001
  | year = 2001
  | isbn = 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001), Manual of the Planes, Berlin: Wizards of the Coast, pp. 198–203, ISBN 0-7869-1850-8 Check |isbn= value (help) 

journal
paper
thesis
dissertation
{{cite journal}}
Title
{{cite journal
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | journal = 
  | volume = 
  | issue = 
  | pages = 
  | publisher = 
  | location = 
  | date = 
  | language = 
  | url = 
  | jstor =  
  | issn = 
  | doi = 
  | id = 
  | mr = 
  | zbl = 
  | jfm = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite journal
  | authorlink = Stephen Brey…
  | title = Copyright: A Rejo…
  | journal = UCLA Law Review
  | volume = 20
  | pages = 75–83
  | date = October 1972 }}

Breyer, Stephen (October 1972). "Copyright: A Rejoinder". UCLA Law Review 20: 75–83. 

{{cite journal
  | last1 = Bailey  | first1 = David H.
  | author1-link = David H. Bailey
  | last2 = Borwein | first2 = Peter
  | author2-link = Peter Borwein
  | last3 = Borwein | first3 = Jonathan M.
  | author3-link = Jonathan Borwein
  | title = The Quest for Pi
  | journal = Mathematical Intelligencer
  | volume = 19
  | issue = 1
  | pages = 50–57
  | publisher = Springer-Verlag
  | location = Berlin
  | date = 25 June 1997
  | year = 1997
  | url = http://crd.lbl.gov/~dhbailey/...
  | issn =0343-6993
  | doi = 10.1007/BF03024340
  | mr = 1439159
  | zbl = 0878.11002 }}

Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Peter; Borwein, Jonathan M. (25 June 1997). "The Quest for Pi". Mathematical Intelligencer (Berlin: Springer-Verlag) 19 (1): 50–57. ISSN 0343-6993. MR 1439159. Zbl 0878.11002. doi:10.1007/BF03024340. 

{{Citation}}
journal (or periodical)
{{Citation
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | author-link = 
  | last2 = 
  | first2 = 
  | author2-link = 
  | title = 
  | journal = 
  | volume = 
  | issue = 
  | pages = 
  | date = 
  | origyear =
  | year = 
  | month =
  | language = 
  | url = 
  | jstor = 
  | archiveurl =
  | archivedate =
  | doi = 
  | id = 
  | mr = 
  | zbl = 
  | jfm = }}
{{Citation
  | last = Breyer
  | first = Stephen
  | author-link = Stephen Bre…
  | title = Copyright: A Rejo…
  | journal = UCLA Law Review
  | volume = 20
  | pages = 75–83
  | date = October 1972
  | year = 1972 }}

Breyer, Stephen (October 1972), "Copyright: A Rejoinder", UCLA Law Review 20: 75–83 

{{Citation
  | last1 = Bailey  | first1 = David H.
  | author1-link = David H. Bailey
  | last2 = Borwein | first2 = Peter
  | author2-link = Peter Borwein
  | last3 = Borwein | first3 = Jonathan M.
  | author3-link = Jonathan Borwein
  | title = The Quest for Pi
  | journal = Mathematical Intelligencer
  | volume = 19
  | issue = 1
  | pages = 50–57
  | publisher = Springer-Verlag
  | location = Berlin
  | date = 25 June 1997
  | year = 1997
  | url = http://crd.lbl.gov/~dhbailey/...
  | issn =0343-6993
  | doi = 10.1007/BF03024340
  | mr = 1439159
  | zbl = 0878.11002 }}

Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Peter; Borwein, Jonathan M. (25 June 1997), "The Quest for Pi", Mathematical Intelligencer (Berlin: Springer-Verlag) 19 (1): 50–57, ISSN 0343-6993, MR 1439159, Zbl 0878.11002, doi:10.1007/BF03024340 

website {{cite web}}
title
url
{{cite web
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | work = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | format = 
  | doi = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite web
  | last = Spiegel
  | first = Rachel
  | title = Research: Thalido…
  | url=http://science-educat…
  | accessdate = 30 April 2006 }}

Spiegel, Rachel. "Research in the News: Thalidomide". Retrieved 30 April 2006. 

{{cite web
| title = 
| url = 
| dateformat = mdy
| accessdate = }}

(Write date as Month Day Year; e.g., July 22 2009. Comma will be added automatically.)

{{cite web
  | last = Hansen
  | first = James E.
  | authorlink = James E. Hansen
  | last2 = Ruedy  | first2 = R.
  | last3 = Sato   | first3 = M.
  | last4 = Lo     | first4 = K.
  | title = GISS Surface Temperature An…
  | work =
  | publisher = Goddard Institute for…
  | date = December 15, 2005
  | url = http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gis…
  | format =
  | doi =
  | accessdate = September 28, 2006 }}

Hansen, James E.; Ruedy, R.; Sato, M.; Lo, K. (December 15, 2005). "GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation". NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Retrieved September 28, 2006. 

{{Citation}}
title
url
{{Citation
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | author-link = 
  | last2 = 
  | first2 = 
  | author2-link = 
  | title = 
  | date = 
  | year = 
  | url = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{Citation
  | last = Spiegel
  | first = Rachel
  | title = Research: Thalido…
  | url=http://science-educat…
  | accessdate = 30 April 2006 }}

Spiegel, Rachel, Research in the News: Thalidomide, retrieved 30 April 2006 

{{Citation
  | last1 = Hansen | first1 = James E.
  | author1-link = James Hansen
  | last2 = Ruedy  | first2 = R.
  | last3 = Sato   | first3 = M.
  | last4 = Lo     | first4 = K.
  | title = GISS Surface Temperature An…
  | publisher = Goddard Institute for ...
  | date = December 15, 2005
  | year = 2005
  | url = http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gis…
  | accessdate = September 28, 2006 }}

Hansen, James E.; Ruedy, R.; Sato, M.; Lo, K. (December 15, 2005), GISS Surface Temperature Analysis Global Temperature Trends: 2005 Summation, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, retrieved September 28, 2006 

comic {{cite comic}}[2]
{{cite comic
  | writer=
  | penciller=
  | inker=
  | story=
  | title=
  | volume= 
  | issue= 
  | date=
  | publisher=
  | page= 
  | panel= }}
{{cite comic
| writer=Lee, Stan 
| penciller=Kirby, Jack 
| inker=Rule, Christopher 
| story=The Fantastic Four! 
| title=The Fantastic Four 
| volume=1 
| issue=1 
| date=November, 1961 
| publisher=Marvel Comics 
| page=3 
| panel=2 }}

Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Rule, Christopher (i). "The Fantastic Four!" The Fantastic Four 1: 3/2 (November, 1961), Marvel Comics

comic strip {{comic strip reference}}[3]
{{comic strip reference
  | cartoonist=
  | strip=
  | paper=
  | location=
  | date=
  | supplement=
  | syndicate=
  | page= }}
{{comic strip reference
  | cartoonist=Caniff, Milton 
  | strip=Steve Canyon 
  | paper=Journal Herald 
  | location=Dayton, OH 
  | date=July 15, 1967 
  | supplement=Color Comics Supplement 
  | syndicate=Newspaper Syndicate 
  | page=1 }}

Caniff, Milton (c). Steve CanyonJournal Herald (Dayton, OH). July 15, 1967, [Color Comics Supplement], Newspaper Syndicate

 1.
conference
report
or paper
{{cite conference}}
title
booktitle
{{cite conference
  | first = 
  | last = 
  | authorlink = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | booktitle = 
  | pages = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | location = 
  | url = 
  | doi = 
  | id = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite conference
  | first = M.
  | last = Turk
  | authorlink =
  | coauthors = Pentland, A.
  | title = Face recognition …
  | booktitle = Proc IEEE Con…
  | place = Maui, Hawaii
  | pages = 586–591
  | year = 1991 }}

Turk, M.; Pentland, A. (1991). "Face recognition using eigenfaces". Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Maui, Hawaii. pp. 586–591. 

{{cite conference
  | last1 = Evans    | first1 = N. R.
  | last2 = Schaefer | first2 = G.
  | last3 = Bond     | first3 = H.
  | last4 = Karovska | first4 = M.
  | last5 = Nelan    | first5 = E.
  | last6 = Sasselov | first6 = D.
  | title = Direct detection of the ...
  | booktitle = American Astronomical Society 207th ...
  | publisher = AAS
  | date = January 9, 2006
  | url = http://www.aas.org/ ... 30.htm }}

Evans, N. R.; Schaefer, G.; Bond, H.; Karovska, M.; Nelan, E.; Sasselov, D. (January 9, 2006). "Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space Telescope". American Astronomical Society 207th Meeting. AAS. http://www.aas.org/publications/baas/v37n4/aas207/1130.htm. 

{{Citation}}
{{Citation
  | first = 
  | last = 
  | author-link = 
  | first2 = 
  | last2 = 
  | author2-link = 
  | editor-last = 
  | editor-first = 
  | editor2-last = 
  | editor2-first = 
  | contribution = 
  | contribution-url = 
  | series = 
  | year = 
  | pages = 
  | place = 
  | publisher = 
  | url = 
  | doi = 
  | id = }}
{{Citation
  | last1 = Turk | first1 = M.
  | last2 = Pet… | first2 = A.
  | contribution = Face recog…
  | series = Proc IEEE Confere…
  | place = Maui, Hawaii
  | pages = 586–591
  | year = 1991 }}

Turk, M.; Petland, A. (1991), "Face recognition using eigenfaces", Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Maui, Hawaii, pp. 586–591 

{{Citation
  | last1 = Evans    | first1 = N. R.
  | last2 = Schaefer | first2 = G.
  | last3 = Bond     | first3 = H.
  | last4 = Karovska | first4 = M.
  | last5 = Nelan    | first5 = E.
  | last6 = Sasselov | first6 = D.
  | contribution = Direct detection of …
  | series = American Astronomical…
  | publisher = AAS
  | date = January 9, 2006
  | contribution-url = http://…30.htm }}

Evans, N. R.; Schaefer, G.; Bond, H.; Karovska, M.; Nelan, E.; Sasselov, D. (January 9, 2006), "Direct detection of the close companion of Polaris with the Hubble Space Telescope", American Astronomical Society 207th Meeting, AAS 

court case (legal decision) cite court}}
{{cite court
  |litigants = 
  |vol = 
  |reporter = 
  |opinion = 
  |pinpoint = 
  |court = 
  |date = 
  |url= }}
{{cite court
  |litigants=Roe v. Wade
  |vol=410
  |reporter=U.S.
  |opinion=113
  |pinpoint=
  |court=
  |date=1973
  |url=http://www.law.corn… }}

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973). Text

encyclopedia,
edited collection
{{cite encyclopedia}}
Title
encyclopedia
{{cite encyclopedia
  | title = 
  | encyclopedia = 
  | volume = 
  | pages = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | id = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite encyclopedia
  | title = Kirkegaard…
  | encyclopedia = Grote Winkler Pri…
  | editor-last = Winkler Pri…
  | editor-first = Anthony
  | editor-link = Anthony Win…
  | volume = 9
  | publisher = Elsevier
  | year = 1882 }}

Winkler Prins, Anthony, ed. (1882). "Kirkegaard, Ole Lund". Grote Winkler Prins 9. Elsevier. 

{{cite encyclopedia
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | authorlink = Martin Kramer
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Bernard Lewis
  | encyclopedia = Encyclopedia of Hist…
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | location = London
  | date = 1999
  | url = http://www.oocities.com/mart… }}

Kramer, Martin (1999). "Bernard Lewis". In Boyd, Kelley. Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. pp. 719–720. 

{{Citation}}
contribution=name of article
{{Citation
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | contribution = 
  | year = 
  | title = 
  | editor-last = 
  | editor-first = 
  | volume = 
  | pages = 
  | place = 
  | publisher = 
  | id = }}
{{Citation
  | contribution = Kirkegaard…
  | title = Grote Winkler Pri…
  | editor-last = Winkler Pri…
  | editor-first = Anthony
  | editor-link = Anthony Win…
  | volume = 9
  | publisher = Elsevier
  | year = 1882 }}

Winkler Prins, Anthony, ed. (1882), "Kirkegaard, Ole Lund", Grote Winkler Prins 9, Elsevier 

{{Citation
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | author-link = Martin Kramer
  | contribution = Bernard Lewis
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Encyclopedia of Historians …
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | place = London
  | year = 1999
  | contribution-url = http://…is.htm }}

Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", in Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720 

episode
(television or radio)
{{cite episode}}
title
{{cite episode
| title        = 
| episodelink  = 
| url          = 
| series       = 
| serieslink   = 
| credits      = 
| network      = 
| station      = 
| city         = 
| airdate      = 
| began        = 
| ended        = 
| season       = 
| seriesno     =
| number       = 
| minutes      = 
| transcript   =  
| transcripturl= }}
{{cite episode
| title        = BBC-TV Presents: …
| episodelink  = BBC Snooker World …
| url          = 
| series       = Wide World of Snooker
| serieslink   = Wide World of Snooker …
| credits      = Presenters: Dennis …
| network      = BBC
| station      = BBC Two
| city         = Sheffield, …
| airdate      = 2008-04-27
| minutes      = 2:34}}

Presenters: Dennis Taylor and Clive Everton (2008-04-27). "BBC-TV Presents: The 2008 World Snooker Championship Live at The Crucible". Wide World of Snooker. 2:34 minutes in. BBC. BBC Two. 

{{cite episode
  | title = Duet
  | episodelink = Duet (Stargate Atlant…
  | series = Stargate Atlantis
  | serieslink = Stargate Atlantis
  | airdate = August 5, 2005
  | season = 2
  | number = 4 }}

"Duet". Stargate Atlantis. Season 2. Episode 4. August 5, 2005. 

mailing list {{cite mailing list}}
title
url
{{cite mailing list
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | authorlink = 
  | title = 
  | mailinglist = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite mailing list
  |last=Murdock
  |first=Ian
  |authorlink=Ian Murdock
  |title=Debian GNU/Linux 0.9…
  |mailinglist=debian-announce
  |date=26 October 1995
  |url=http://lists.debian.or…
  |accessdate=20 April 2007 }}

Murdock, Ian (26 October 1995). "Debian GNU/Linux 0.93 Release 6 now available". debian-announce mailing list. http://lists.debian.org/debian-announce/debian-announce-1995/msg00007.html. Retrieved 20 April 2007. 

map {{cite map}}
publisher
title
edition
{{cite map
  |publisher = 
  |title = 
  |url = 
  |edition = 
  |section = 
  |accessdate = }}
{{cite map
  |publisher=Kansas Departmen…
  |title=Official State Trans…
  |url=http://www.ksdot.org/b… 
  |edition=2005-2006
  |section=F9 
  |accessdate=March 30, 2007 }}

Kansas Department of Transportation. Official State Transportation Map (Map) (2005-2006 ed.). Section F9. http://www.ksdot.org/burtransplan/maps/state-pdf/kansas0708.pdf. Retrieved March 30, 2007. 

{{cite map 
  |publisher=Skelly Oil Company 
  |title=Highway Map of Oklahoma 
  |cartography=Diversified Map Co 
  |edition=1966 
  |section=11C }}

Skelly Oil Company. Highway Map of Oklahoma (Map). Cartography by Diversified Map Co (1966 ed.). Section 11C. 

news article {{cite news}}
Title
{{cite news 
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | coauthors = 
  | title = 
  | newspaper = 
  | location =
  | pages = 
  | language = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite news 
  | last = Finn
  | first = Gary
  | title = What a growing lad needs is …
  | pages = 
  | newspaper = The Independent
  | location = London
  | date = 31 August 1998
  | url = http://www.independent.co.uk …
}}

Finn, Gary (31 August 1998). "What a growing lad needs is a naughty book, says Blair". The Independent (London). 

{{cite news 
  | last = Andersen
  | first = David
  | coauthors = Witter, Lameen
  | title = Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO…
  | work = Marine Corps News
  | date = 17 February 2006
  | url = http://www.military.com/Caree…
  | accessdate = 6 June 2006 }}

Andersen, David; Witter, Lameen (17 February 2006). "Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success". Marine Corps News. Retrieved 6 June 2006. 

{{Citation}}
newspaper (or magazine, journal, periodical)
{{Citation
  | last = 
  | first = 
  | author-link = 
  | last2 = 
  | first2 = 
  | author2-link = 
  | title = 
  | newspaper = 
  | pages = 
  | year = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | archiveurl =
  | archivedate =
  | accessdate = }}
{{Citation 
  | last = Finn
  | first = Gary
  | title = What a growing lad needs is …
  | pages = 
  | newspaper = The Independent
  | location = London
  | date = 31 August 1998
  | url =http://www.independent.co.uk …
  | archiveurl = http://www.webcitation …
  | archivedate = 2010-03-06
}}

Finn, Gary (31 August 1998), "What a growing lad needs is a naughty book, says Blair", The Independent (London), archived from the original on 2010-03-06 

{{Citation
  | last1 = Andersen | first1 = David
  | last2 = Witter   | first2 = Lameen
  | title = Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO…
  | newspaper = Marine Corps News
  | date = 17 February 2006
  | year = 2006
  | url = http://www.military.com/Ca… 
  | accessdate = 2 June 2006 
}}

Andersen, David; Witter, Lameen (17 February 2006), "Former Marine, Go Daddy CEO Talks About His Rise to Success", Marine Corps News, retrieved 2 June 2006 

VERIFY) {{cite newsgroup}}
Title
{{cite newsgroup 
  | title = 
  | author = 
  | date = 
  | newsgroup = 
  | id = 
  | url = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite newsgroup 
  | author = Gary S. Terhune
  | title = Lost Ctrl-Alt-Del…
  | date = January 11, 2004
  | newsgroup = microsoft.pub…
  | id = uAIVMjC2DHA.2336@TK2…
  | url = http://groups.googl…
  | accessdate = May 16, 2006 }}

Gary S. Terhune (January 11, 2004). "Lost Ctrl-Alt-Del function on W98, 2nd". microsoft.public.win98.gen_discussion. Web link. Retrieved May 16, 2006. 

{{cite newsgroup 
  | title = How can helping "Kids in Af…
  | author = Trodel
  | date = June 10, 2006
  | newsgroup= humanities.philosophy.ob…
  | id = 1149950890.204481.35810@h76g20…
  | url = http://groups.google.com/grou…
  | accessdate = July 3, 2006 }}

Trodel (June 10, 2006). "How can helping "Kids in Africa" be in my self interest". humanities.philosophy.objectivism. Web link. Retrieved July 3, 2006. 

patent {{Citation}}
inventor-last
{{Citation
 | inventor-last =
 | inventor-first =
 | inventorlink =
 | inventor2-last =
 | inventor2-first =
 | inventorlink2 =
 | publication-date =
 | issue-date =
 | title =
 | country-code =
 | description =
 | patent-number = }}
{{Citation
 | inventor1-last = Degermark
 | inventor1-first = Mikael
 | inventor2-last = Brodnik
 | inventor2-first = Andrej
 | inventor3-last = Carlsson
 | inventor3-first = Svante
 | inventor4-last = Pink
 | inventor4-first = Stephen
 | title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
 | issue-date = 2001
 | patent-number = 6266706
 | country-code = US}}

US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

press release {{cite press release}}
Title
{{cite press release
  | title = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | url = 
  | accessdate = }}
{{cite press release
  | title = Nature compares W…
  | publisher = The Wikimedia…
  | date = 15 December 2005
  | url = http://en.WikiQueer…
  | accessdate = 3 July 2006 }}

"Nature compares WikiQueer and Britannica" (Press release). The Wikimedia Foundation. 15 December 2005. Retrieved 3 July 2006. 

{{cite press release
  | title = HFPA Announces Timetable fo…
  | publisher = Hollywood Foreign P…
  | date = May 25, 2006
  | url = http://www.hfpa.org/news/id/32
  | accessdate = June 13, 2006 }}

"HFPA Announces Timetable for 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards" (Press release). Hollywood Foreign Press Association. May 25, 2006. Retrieved June 13, 2006. 

video
(movie, television production, documentary, etc.)
{{cite video}}
people
title
{{cite video
  | people = 
  | title = 
  | medium = 
  | publisher = 
  | location = 
  | date = }}
{{cite video
  | people = Al-Issawi, Omar (Director)
  | title = [http://www.imdb…]
  | medium = Television production
  | publisher = Al-Issawi, Om…
  | location = Lebanon
  | date = 2001 }}

Al-Issawi, Omar (Director). (2001). Harab libnan. [Television production]. Lebanon: Al-Issawi, Omar. 

{{cite video
  | people = Dick Cavett
  | title = The Dick Cavett Show — Rock…
  | medium = DVD
  | publisher = Shout Factory
  | date = 2005 }}

Dick Cavett. (2005). The Dick Cavett Show — Rock Icons (1969). [DVD]. Shout Factory. 

video game {{cite video game}}
title
developer
{{cite video game  
  | title = 
  | developer = 
  | publisher = 
  | date = 
  | platform = 
  | version = 
  | level = 
  | language = 
  | isolang = 
  | quote = }}
{{cite video game
  |title=Halo 3
  |developer= Bungie
  |publisher=Microsoft Game Studios
  |date=September 25, 2007
  |platform=Xbox 360
  |version=1.0
  |level=The Storm
  |language=English
  |isolang=
  |quote='''Arbiter''': More Brutes? /...

Bungie. Halo 3 (in English). (Microsoft Game Studios). Xbox 360, (v1.0). Level/area: The Storm. (September 25, 2007) "Arbiter: More Brutes? / Master Chief: Worse."


Harvard reference and shortened footnote examples[edit]

These templates automatically create a one-directional link to the first matching citation template on the same page. All the following templates are supported: {{citation}} · {{cite book}} · {{cite journal}} · {{cite web}} · {{cite conference}} · {{cite encyclopedia}} · {{cite mailing list}} · {{cite manual}} · {{cite news}} · {{cite press release}} · {{cite arXiv}} · {{cite video}} (an up-to-date list is at Template:Citation/core). To use the links, the template must define "Surname" (or "Last") and "Year" and must include ref=harv.

What to type What it makes
  • Article text.{{sfn|Turner|1851|pp=10-11}} (Shortened footnote template)
  • Article text.{{sfn|Smith|1879|p=289}}

==Notes==
{{reflist}}

  • Article text.[1]
  • Article text.[2]
Notes
  1. ^Turner 1851, pp. 10-11
  2. ^Smith 1879, p. 289
  • {{Harvard citation|Turner|1851|pp=10–11}}
  • {{Harv|Smith|1879|p=289}}
  • {{Harvtxt|Turner|1851}} asserts that ... (author's name part of text)
  • {{Harvnb|Smith|1879}} (no brackets)
  • {{Harv|Lincoln|Washington|Adams|Johnson|2007|pp=88–89}} (multi-author)

Three Harvcol templates are altered to use colons to indicate page numbers.

Harvcol templates


Variations[edit]

WikiQueer does not dictate a particular way to insert citations into an article. As a result, there are multiple ways to structure citations in an article; multiple ways to insert individual citations; and multiple ways to link short-form inline citations with the full-form citations in the bibliography, when using a style that calls for short-form citations.

There are three primary ways to format individual citations:

  1. By hand. When using inline citations (see below), these are simply typed directly; however, when using shortened footnotes or parenthetical references, these can be surrounded with {{wikicite}} to ensure that the appropriate shortened references are linked to the full references below.
  2. Using the {{cite *}} templates, such as {{cite book}}, {{cite web}}, {{cite journal}}, or {{cite news}}.
  3. Using the generic {{Citation}} template.

The main differences between the generic {{Citation}} template and the specific {{cite *}} templates are:

  1. The {{cite *}} templates produce citations with individual sections (e.g. title, author, publisher, etc.) separated by periods, with a trailing period, while {{Citation}} separates sections with a comma and has no trailing punctuation. (However, this can be changed using the |separator= and |postscript= parameters.)
  2. Not all {{cite *}} templates can easily be replaced by the {{Citation}} template. Generally, any {{cite *}} template of a general nature (e.g. book; web site; journal or newspaper article; article in an edited collection or encyclopedia; etc.) can be replaced, but specialized templates (court cases, comic books, video games, etc.) cannot very easily.
  3. Some of the parameter names differ. For example, citing an article in an edited collection uses the misnamed {{cite encyclopedia}} template, with |title= for the article name and |encyclopedia= for the collection name; the equivalent parameters in {{Citation}} are named ​contribution​ and ​title​, respectively.
  4. When using parenthetical referencing, a {{Harv*}} template that identifies a citation by author and year will automatically link to the appropriate citation elsewhere in the article if created using {{Citation}}. If created using {{cite *}}, however, a |ref=harv parameter must be added.

There are also at least three ways to structure citations as a whole in an article:

  1. Inline citations. These simply place the citation inside of a <ref>…</ref> reference, which inserts a small bracketed, superscripted number. When clicked on, it links to a correspondingly-numbered footnote (more properly an endnote) placed elsewhere in the article. The footnotes themselves are inserted using {{reflist}}, which is typically placed by itself in a Notes (or References) section near the end of the article. When there are multiple references to the same citation, typing can be saved by using <ref name="foo">…</ref> the first time, and just <ref name="foo"/> elsewhere. When there are citations that differ only in page number, there are two alternatives: write all the citations out in full, including the page number, or use one citation without page numbers along with the {{rp}} template to add an inline page number after the small bracketed footnote number.
  2. Shortened footnotes. Instead of the full-form citation appearing in the footnote, a shortened form appears, giving only the author and year (or in some styles, a shortened version of the article or book title), and page number if appropriate. The full citation appears later on, in a bibliography section. This usually follows directly after the footnotes, is titled "References" or "Bibliography", and contains all relevant citations, listed in alphabetical order. This style is especially appropriate when there are large numbers of references overall and frequent cases of multiple references to the same work, especially in the presence of differing page numbers.
  3. Parenthetical references. These are conceptually similar to shortened footnotes, but the shortened reference appears inline in the text, in parentheses, rather than in a footnote.

When using shortened footnotes or parenthetical references, there are multiple ways to link the shortened and full-form references:

  1. Don't link them. This happens by default when the shortened references are typed in by hand.
  2. Insert manual links. These look like e.g. [[#refPereira2006|Pereira 2006, p. 25]]. The anchor #refPereira2006 is attached to the full-form citation by surrounding it with {{wikicite}} (if inserted by hand), or adding a |ref= parameter to the citation template.
  3. Insert links using a {{Harv*}} template, e.g. {{Harvnb|Pereira|2006|p=25}}. This will insert "Pereira 2006, p. 25" into the text and link it to the citation with the corresponding last name and year. As mentioned above, when using a {{cite *}} template, the parameter |ref=harv must be added, but this is unnecessary for {{Citation}}. When using parenthetical references, the plain {{Harv}} template is used, which automatically inserts parentheses. Other variations format the page number or parentheses differently.
  4. Use the {{sfn}} template for the whole of the footnote. The {{sfn}} template creates its own named <ref>...</ref> tags: {{sfn|Pereira|2006|p=25}} is exactly equivalent to <ref name=FOOTNOTEPereira200625>[[#CITEREFPereira2006|Pereira 2006]], p. 25.</ref> which is itself equivalent to <ref name=FOOTNOTEPereira200625>{{Harvnb|Pereira|2006|p=25}}</ref>.

See also WQ:Footnotes and WQ:Citing sources for general information, and WQ:CITEX for specific examples of exactly how to write the code for various combinations of the above styles.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. In contrast to parenthetical referencing or shortened footnotes, citations using the footnote system don't require wikilinks of course, as the inline citations in this method simply appear as numbers within the text, linking to a list of full citations (and notes) at the end of the article (like this).
  2. Notes on {{cite comic}}:
    • This template allows for a cartoonist field to be used instead of the individual fields if there is a sole creator, as in Bone (comics)|Bone, or an artist field if the penciller and inker is the same person.
    • The style of this template is based on Allen Ellis' Comic Art in Scholarly Writing: A Citation Guide, 1999.
    • See the template talk:cite comic|talk page for more details and field explanations.
  3. Notes on {{comic strip reference}}

External links[edit]


Citations for footnotes and for linking[edit]

The following examples are examples of WikiQueer:Footnotes from {{Ref/examples}} are rendered as a template in the following table. These references can be used with the citations above to create a link from the text to the references.

What to type What it makes

Linking and footnote templates

Tags attached to links in text area:

  • "{{ref}} example{{ref|reference1}}" — Links to a citation in the Reference section labeled "reference1".
  • "{{ref label}} example{{ref label|example.com|2|none}}" — Links to a citation in the Reference section labeled "example.com". Text is marked with the number "2".

For two links to the same footnote labeled "example.com", you would:

  • "{{ref label}} example{{ref label|example.com|3|a}}"
  • "{{ref label}} example{{ref label|example.com|3|b}}"
  • "{{ref label}} example{{ref label|nextexample.com|4|4}}"

Tags attached to links in References or Footnote section:

"#{{note|reference1}} example of {{note}}" — In References section, citation labeled "reference1".

"#{{note label|example.com|2|none}}"— In References section, citation labeled "example.comnone". Creates backlink to matching {{ref label}} entry in the text labeled "example.comnone".

Now, if you have two links to the same footnote labeled "example.com", you would do:

"#{{note label|example.com|3|a}}{{note label|example.com|3|b}} example of {{note label}}"

"{{note label|nextexample.com|4|4}} example of {{note label}}"

  • "{{note label|lastexample.com|Jones 1999|none}}Jones (1999) {{note label}}" -- Note that when the 3rd unnamed parameter is specified as "none", the ^ symbol is rendered for the backlink.
  • "{{note label|finalexample.com|Smith 2000|a}}{{note label|finalexample.com|Smith 2000|b}}Smith (2000)"


In text area:


In References or Footnote section:

  1. Note: reference1
    example of {{note}}
  2. ^ example of {{note label}}
  3. a b example of {{note label}}

4 example of {{note label}}


Citations of specific sources[edit]

Notes:

What to type What it makes
{{ITIS|ID=|taxon=|accessdate=}}
Talk

"Genus species". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 1 January 2004. 

{{FishBase species|genus=|species=|year=|month=}}
Talk

Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2004). "Genus species" in FishBase. January 2004 version.

{{FishBase species alt|ID=|taxon=|year=|month=}}
Talk

Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2004). Genus species in FishBase. January 2004 version.

{{FishBase_genus|genus=|year=|month=}}
Talk

Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (Year). Species of Genus in FishBase. Month Year version.

{{FishBase family|family=|year=|month=}}
Talk

Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (Year). "Family" in FishBase. Month Year version.

{{IUCN|author=|title=|year=|ID=|IUCN_Year=}}
Talk

Lastname, Firstname Initial (Year). "Title". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version IUCN_Year. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 

{{Gutenberg | no=6656 | name=The Kiltartan Poetry Book}}
Talk
The Kiltartan Poetry Book at Project Gutenberg
{{MathWorld | urlname=PetersenGraph | title=Petersen Graph}}
Talk
Weisstein, Eric W., "Petersen Graph" from MathWorld.
{{ScienceWorld | urlname=biography/Einstein.html | title=Albert Einstein}}
Talk
Weisstein, Eric W., Albert Einstein from ScienceWorld.
{{Wipipedia|Wiki_pagename_with_underscores}}
Talk
This article incorporates text from the article on Wiki_pagename_with_underscores in Wipipedia, the free-content Fetish and BDSM encyclopedia.
The Encyclopedia of World History at Bartleby.com

{{worldhistory|section=|quote=}}

  • section – the portion between http://www.bartleby.com/67/ and .html in the URL of the page you wish to cite. For example, if I wished to cite http://www.bartleby.com/67/716.html, the section is 716.
  • quote – What do you want the first part of the included text to read. The default is Citation.

Example: {{worldhistory|section=716|quote=Diderot’s encyclopedia banned in 1751}}
Creates: Diderot’s encyclopedia banned in 1751 from The Encyclopedia of World History Sixth Edition, Peter N. Stearns (general editor), © 2001 The Houghton Mifflin Company, at Bartleby.com.

USGS Geographic Names Information System

{{Cite gnis|id|name|type=}}

Example: {{Cite gnis|2410240|Cotati}}
Creates: "Cotati". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 

USGS Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature

{{Gpn|id|name}}

Example: {{Gpn|65876|Stickney}}
Creates: Blue, Jennifer. "Stickney". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.